Author Archive: Christopher Caldwell

Beginner’s Guide to Buying a DSLR Camera

Photography lovers typically want to upgrade their cameras for newer technologies. Know what to expect if you want to upgrade from a point-to-shoot one to a DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) camera. Its advantages are:

  • Takes higher definition and quality pictures, regardless of pixel capacity.
  • Lenses can be changed to powerful ones for lower noise and better quality.

Buying a DSLR camera for the first time can be challenging.  You need to consider various brands, camera capacities and other features. Below is a guide to help you decide on a digital SLR camera.

  1. Know Your Preferences and Needs for the Camera

 How you intend to use your camera should determine what type of a camera to choose.  One thing should be clear; an expensive camera doesn’t mean you’re a great photographer.  If you need a camera for professional purposes, then choose a quality camera.

  1. Get to Know Brands and Camera Capacities

Nikon and Canon may have dominated the DSLR camera industry, but there are other companies that produce great cameras, too. Find a company that provides excellent cameras you can afford with camera capacities as well. Some of its features should include among others:

  • Megapixels
  • ISO performance
  • Resolution
  • Frames per second lenses
  • Sensor size

Megapixels (MP) determine how good a photo will be, depending on printouts. Most DSLRs have a minimum of 10MP, which can be upgraded with more powerful lenses.

ISO performance is the camera’s capacity to shoot quality pictures or movies regardless of light intensity.  High ISO performance cameras can take great quality images in high and low light situations without a flash.

Frames per second (FPS) is the number of images a camera can take while in multi-mode. It helps one in choosing the best picture to use.

DSLR pictures require more memory for storage. For this reason, you should budget for a high capacity memory card to save more images and movie clips.

  1. Budget

This will also dictate which camera you can afford. High-end DSLRs may be more expensive, but it doesn’t mean basic DSLR cameras take low-quality images. An experienced photographer can take greater quality images with a 10MP DSLR camera, than an amateur with a high-end one.

Research and window shop on a great Digital SLR camera, before making an order. This way, you will be better equipped and know what you need, before you even buy it.

Understanding and Using ISO to Take Great Pictures


Today, digital cameras made taking pictures inexpensive. To get the best images, you need the correct setting, and a splendid way to learn is to experiment. You’ll discover how changing the ISO, shutter speed and angle of the shot, will give you the best outcome.

Professionals do the same thing. Once they’ve set-up an important shot, they’ll take dozens of the same shot. This ensures the best possible combination of ISO and shutter speed.

Concerning ISO

For a technical foundation to photography, understand what ISO is and how it works. Three technical pillars are involved with photography:

  • ISO
  • Aperture
  • Shutter speed

1. What exactly is ISO?

This is your camera’s level of sensitivity to light, which gathers it and turns into usable images. It’s the most expensive part of any camera.


  • The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive it is.
  • The higher ISO number means the more sensitive it is to light.

This can be easily adjusted via an internal menu (different with each camera) and in turn controls an ‘image sensor’. While this sounds like a perfect solution, there is a drawback; as the ISO increases, so does the noise (grain) in the picture.

Experiment with different ISO settings for immediate feedback. Also use your camera’s manual for an excellent overview of how everything works.

Camera Settings

The settings you use will also affect the end result. Do these:

  • Set your camera on the highest resolution and highest JPEG compression.
  • Adjust as you gain experience.

Each camera has a ‘Basic ISO,’ meaning this is the lowest number an ‘image sensor’ can use to:

  • Gather light.
  • Produce a quality image, without adding noise.

Newer cameras have a base number between 100 and 200, which varies depending on manufacturing costs incurred. For most purposes, stick with the base ISO number, then adjust as you experience level increases.

How ISO Works

You’ll find an ISO sequence like 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400. This represents a geometric x2. It might be confusing, but just understand that each double numbering increases sensitivity by 2, thus:

  • 200 is twice as sensitive as ISO 100.
  • ISO 400 is four times as sensitive (meaning it needs four times less time to capture the same amount of light for an image).
  • When in doubt, use auto-exposure and auto focus. Avoid auto-ISO for anything other than low-light action shots. Try your camera’s lowest ISO setting before venturing higher, since this will generate more noise.

ISO Speed Examples:

• ISO 100 – 1 second

• ISO 200 – 1/2 of a second

• ISO 400 – 1/4 of a second

• ISO 800 – 1/8 of a second

• ISO 1600 – 1/16 of a second

• ISO 3200 – 1/32 of a second

This may all be confusing but take heart. It only means you lack a bit of experience. Get out there, have fun, take pictures and learn from the images you capture.

Zenit Camera – Why You Should Own One

There are many cameras on the market today that can produce reliable photographs, but very few are as capable as the Zenit camera. This camera is of Russian origin, produced originally back in the early 30s, and is associated with 35mm SLR cameras. When translated into English, the spelling sometimes comes out Zenith, and was originally based upon the design of a Zorki rangefinder. Although it originally came with a 39mm diameter screw mount, and a vastly different appearance from most other cameras at the time, the modern version is one of the best cameras you can buy today. Here’s a quick overview of the Zenit camera, and why you should consider using and purchasing this camera today.

Origins of Zenit

This camera was actually one of the early pioneers in the 35mm SLR models, using a pentaprism or waist level finder, it soon became obvious that this camera was out of reach for most people residing in the Soviet Union at the time, which caused the creators of this camera to advance toward a Pentax K mount and a FZL-84 shutter. In 2005, the Zenit-KM plus was created which was one of the final cameras created by this company.

Zenit SLR Cameras

Zenit SLR cameras utilise a movable mirror which was strategically located in between the film plane and the lens so that the image could be seen in your viewfinder. It literally presented exactly what you were going to take a picture of, creating a WYSIWYG effect. These cameras, may appear to be cheaply made, seeming to be made of plastic. However, there is a steel structure beneath the high impact plastic and the lens that is used will allow you to get beautiful images with extremely vibrant colours, something typically found with Russian-made cameras today. This camera also has a fisheye lens, providing you with 180 degrees, allowing you to create a very elegant wide-angle shot. There is also a fotosniper camera that comes with a shutter release trigger, making this camera very easy to use.

Zenit Cameras on the Web

There are several websites where you can find these cameras for sale, many of which offer exceptional deals. If you have been looking for this particular camera, you can actually purchase new and used models which are all reasonably priced. If you have heard about the image quality of Zenit cameras and would like to try one out, it will definitely be a worthwhile investment.

You just learned about the history and quality of the Zenit camera. Anyone interested in taking quality pictures, even fisheye landscape shots that are second to none, a Zenit camera is definitely what you want to own. Find out more about Zenit cameras on the web today. It’s definitely one of the most reliable cameras ever made that takes images with exceptional quality that you will absolutely love.