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A Quick Guide to Buying Fake Grass

Fake Grass | PS Lawns

Are you thinking of ways to make your lawn look more beautiful? You might be thinking of adding trees, flowers, and decorative pieces to make your lawn stand out. But you should also think about what type of grass to get. If you’re the type who dislikes mowing the lawn, then fake grass can prove to be an excellent option for you. You should understand, however, that not all artificial grass you see on the market are created equal. This buying guide should equip you with the necessary information so you can come up with an educated decision.

Fake Turf | PS Lawns

What to Look for in Fake Grass?

 

Pile Height – Since you’re dealing with an artificial product, you’ll want something that looks like the real thing. One way to achieve this effect is to look at the grass’ pile height. Most people prefer a longer pile height, but it still depends on your personal preference. A good baseline is 30 to 37mm. If you go for anything higher, then your lawn might look too flat. This is because the longer the blades, the heavier they become. Gravity doesn’t work in your favour here, as it pulls the blades toward the ground. This won’t give you the lush look you want.

 

Density – Aside from looking at the pile height, you need to factor in the density and weight as well. If you want to shoot for high-quality grass, then be sure that it has a density of about 3kg per square meter.

 

Color – Did you know that artificial grass doesn’t always come in green? That’s right, you have a large choice of colours to choose from. And even if you want to go for the classic green look, there is a broad choice of green shades to choose from. This can have a huge impact on how your lawn will look like. Adding some brown fleck also helps exude a natural appearance. It’s not wise to choose a grass that’s “perfectly green” as you can easily tell that it’s fake.

 

Samples – Companies that sell artificial grass usually offer samples but sometimes, it can be difficult to get a good idea of the quality. However, you can still develop a shortlist of suppliers. From there, you can visit their store or warehouse to see larger samples. This gives you the opportunity to review the samples and compare them against each other.

 

Choosing an Installer

 

Your research doesn’t come to an end after picking what grass to purchase. You should also take the time to choose the right installer. Remember that even if you buy the best artificial grass, you might not get the results you want if the installer fails to do a good job.

 

When choosing an installer, do some research about their experience in the industry. It’s better to limit your search to the companies who have been in business for several years. This doesn’t mean newer companies are necessarily bad, but it’s a safer choice to go for more experienced companies. The most reputable service providers out there have professional installers. If possible, look at their portfolio and even visit some nearby locations where they have done previous installations to check on the quality of their work.

 

It’s also important to consider the guarantees offered by the installer. In most cases, you will get a workmanship guarantee. This covers seams, joins, and fixings. These are often the first things where the problem arises as a result of poor installation. When it comes to the grass guarantee, shoot for at least 10 years. This should give you peace of mind knowing that you’ll get professional assistance in case something goes wrong with your fake grass in Brisbane.

 

The Advantages of External Bookkeeping

Bookkeeping Melbourne | NumbersPro

Outsourcing your bookkeeping is crucial to the success of your business as well as your personal financial security. At NumbersPro our bookkeepers are experts in Xero, MYOB and Quickbooks bookkeeping software and can help all kinds of business owners and individuals keep track of their cash flow, finances and more!

Bookkeeping Services | NumbersPro

Wondering whether using a professional bookkeeping service is worth it? Below are some of the key advantages of bookkeeping:

#1 Get unbiased financial opinion

In contrast to having an internal bookkeeper who can be emotionally tied to the business, an external bookkeeper can give you unbiased insights for your business’ financial situation.  Our bookkeepers can show you both the financial strengths and weaknesses of your business’ position such as whether you are overspending and where the costs must be cut to ensure your business remains profitable and viable.

#2 Keep your financial data up-to-date

Our bookkeeping services ensure that all your financial records are true and accurate which is essential for any thriving business. No matter how complicated, NumbersPro will give you the information needed to make daily decision-making easier and keep track of your cash flow more conveniently.

#3 External bookkeeping is cost-effective

When running any business, it is important to be in control of overall costs. Hiring an internal bookkeeper can have you spending unnecessarily.  Internal bookkeepers are considered employees and will have to be paid as any typical full-time workers. This seems excessive considering businesses usually only need bookkeeping services for a few hours a week or a couple of days a month.  That’s why using our external bookkeeping service will save you lots!

#4 Manage your finances better

Bookkeeping allows business owners to monitor cash flow – how money is flowing in and out of its business in relation to suppliers and customers. This can provide the necessary information to help improve inventory costs and so on.

#5 Safeguard your business

Our expert-led and accurate bookkeeping service can safeguard against internal theft, giving you better internal control of your business. This is done through our high-tech alert system which will alert a business against any fraudulent activity. For example, an employee is channelling company assets elsewhere.

# Avoid conflict of interest

Entrusting accounting management to one of the owners can be a recipe for disaster. When errors in record keeping are made, even if unintentional, accusations of misconduct can occur which puts the business relationship at risk.

 

Scenarios where an owner finds himself having to make a choice between his personal interests and what’s best for the company may also arise. This can lead to conflicts of interests which may also jeopardise the business’ success.  That is why using an external and independent bookkeeping services is pivotal for avoiding such pitfalls and for ensuring that all accounting statements are true, unbiased and accurate.

 

WHY CHOOSE US?

NumbersPro has been providing Melbourne with the most professional and expert-driven services to help you keep up to date with your financial records. You can put your trust in our highly qualified team of Bookkeeping Melbourne experts!

We take the time to listen to your specific needs and get to know your personal situation before we devise an appropriate life strategy for you. No matter your age or financial situation, we can help you secure your future! So, why not leave all your financial management hassles to us!

CONTACT US TODAY

Get your weekends back and call us today!  We are super fast and responsive. So please call, email or message us through our easy online contact form. You are also welcome to visit us.  We have several offices located in Melbourne, Sydney and Darwin.


Office no: +61 3 9510 2120

Mobile no: +61 4 2327 4777

Email: info@numberspro.com.au

 

FAQs

What is bookkeeping?

Bookkeeping involves the process of recording, analysing, retrieving and interpreting your financial transactions of the company, business, non-profit organisation, individual and so on. Bookkeeping is the largest part of the accounting process and it is usually managed by a bookkeeper who produces financial records that gives you accurate information about your financial activities.

Why do I need bookkeeping?

Bookkeeping is especially important if you own a business and want to abide by state laws. Specifically, Australian law states that a business’ bookkeeping must be accurate and up to date to ensure you are paying all your taxes and levies on time. If you fail to do so, you can face serious legal repercussions. It can also mean that you have lost control of the state of your business performance.

Bookkeeping is also important for personal financial security and decision-making in the present and future.To ensure you understand and are abiding by your legislative requirements, get in touch with one of our qualified bookkeepers at NumbersPro today.

Why should I outsource bookkeeping?

Trying to keep your financial transactions recorded accurately and constantly updated can be demanding especially if you have a growing business. It can also be a difficult and onerous process to try and understand and abide by complicated tax laws. Therefore in order to avoid failing to satisfy your legal financial obligations, it is best to hire one of our qualified bookkeepers at NumbersPro.

Can my accountant do my bookkeeping for me?

Indeed some accountants can do your bookkeeping but it is best to have it done by a certified bookkeeper from NumbersPro. Not only do we better understand the process but we are faster, more reliable and more affordable than standard accountants.

What financial services can you provide?

At NumbersPro we are fast and affordable and we offer a comprehensive range of services including accounting and tax, payroll, financial planning, loans and bookkeeping for all kinds of business owners, executives and individuals. You can focus on maintaining your business, whilst our specialists will manage your finances professionally and to your full convenience.

Food Package Design and Complying with Food Processing Methods

Food Packaging | Star Stuff Group

Food Package Design and Complying with Food Processing Methods

Successful food products greatly depend on their compliance with Commonwealth and state Food Standards legislation.  Not only does the food itself have to satisfy health and safety requirements, but both the design of the packaging and the method used to process the food is also vital.

There are several different types of food processing methods that can satisfy consumer law and Food Standards legislation.  However, each processing method presents its limits, challenges, opportunities and costs that can affect a range of aspects of your packaging. Both quality and shelf life are just two of them.

ortunities and costs that can affect a range of aspects of your packaging. Both quality and shelf life are just two of them.

Before deciding on which processing method to go with for your food products, it is important to understand what these different methods involve and the implications will they have on your packaging.

Packaging Design | Star Stuff Group

Below is an overview of some of the most common food processing methods that you might like to consider:

 

Retort sterilisation

Also known as retorting, retort sterilization is a thermal food processing method whereby the food is firstly prepared, either raw or cooked, and then vacuum-sealed into what is called a retort pouch. The thermal sterilisation part follows where the sealed retort pouch is then heated for several minutes under extremely high temperatures inside a retort machine. This targets microorganisms to either kill them or reduce their spores to acceptable levels.

Retorting sterilisation consequently allows for a longer shelf life, ensuring the food preserves its natural flavour and freshness for months or years.  The food product is made to last in a room temperature environment without the need of refrigeration.

Retorting can also be applied for pasteurization. With pasteurization, the food requires refrigeration and has a shorter shelf life.

However, one of the main packaging implications of retorting is that the packaging material has to be able to withstand the high temperatures of the thermal processing used for sterilisation. It must also resist mild pressure.  Furthermore, the nutrients and quality of the food can be significantly impacted and at different rates depending on the type of food.

Nevertheless, since the food packaging is done before processing, the risks of re-contamination are reduced greatly. Subsequently, the retorting processing method can be used on solids, semi-solids, liquid particulates and liquids. The suitable packaging material includes glass containers, plastic pouches, metallized pouches and metal or plastic cans and trays.

 

Aseptic processing and packaging

This process is similar to retorting as it can be applied for pasteurization or sterilisation. However, aseptic processing entails brief exposure of ultra-high heat on the food products why are then instantly cooled to an ambient temperature. This tends to generate better quality products as heating and cooling of the product can be done faster.

The food is then placed in appropriate containers or packaging. The packaging is formed and sterilised on-site and sealed within the same sterile environment. Rectangular cartons are most suitable in aseptic packaging because compared to bottles and other rigid containers, they save storage space in warehouses and in shipping.

 

Microwave-assisted thermal sterilisation (MATS)

Microwave-assisted thermal sterilisation process is a new approach inspired by retort sterilisation. It involves briefly placing packaged food in pressurised hot water which is heated by microwaves.

These microwaves also zap the food internally allowing it to become sterile quickly. The food is then instantly cooled to prevent heat damage. With water being used as a heating medium, there is better penetration and a more uniform heating outcome is achieved.  

MATS is generally thought to be a more effective method of preserving flavour, nutrients, texture and colour than retorting. MATS can also cut the processing time required for conventional sterilisation from.  However, packaging for MATS requires that packaging material is transparent.

High-barrier plastic pouches and trays that are microwavable are the best-suited packaging materials for this processing method. Solids, semi-solids, particulates in liquids and liquid food can all be processed.

 

Ultra-high-pressure processing (UHP/HPP)

Ultra-high-pressure processing involves placing packaged foods in high-pressure vessels or containers which are filled with water. The containers are pressurised to reach almost double the pressure at the deepest point in the ocean.

After around 5 minutes the pressure is reduced and the packages are taken out from the high-pressure containers. The pressure allows the foods that contain moisture to shrink up to 20 percent. The packaging materials used have to be flexible to accommodate the effect.

 

High-intensity light pulse processing (HILP)

This processing method involves non-thermal technology that targets microorganism on the surface of foods and packaging materials with pulses of UV light. Using this method requires transparent packaging material in order to allow the UV light to penetrate.

Choosing the right packaging process is fundamental to the success of your food product. At the Star Stuff Group, we can provide you with the perfect packaging solution for your food and a variety of other products too. Not only can we help you enhance your brand promotion in store, but we can help increase your product’s growth and success!

 

Contact us today to find out more or request one of our services. You may call, email or fill out our easy online contact form and your message will be directly sent to one of our friendly and professional staff members who will respond as soon as they can. Or you are welcome to visit
us in store today.



Ph: +61 (07) 3488 8100

Fax: +61 (07) 3821 4874

 

Director: stewart@starstuffgroup.com.au

Sales Director: justing@starstuffgroup.com.au

Financial Director: sarah@starsstuffgroup.com.au


Address:


2/13  Josephine Street,

Loganholme

QLD 4129, Australia

 

Common Types of Locks You Should Know About

Different Types of Keys

Common Types of Locks You Should Know About

Solid Locksmiths is Melbourne’s most trustworthy and qualified locksmiths that you can count on! We specialise in safe sales and services, automotive locks and different types of  keys for restricted master-key systems for all your residential, commercial and industrial needs.

Thinking about upgrading to a smart locking system but not sure which will best suite your needs? Here are the most common types of locks you should know about.

Key Cutting Services | Solid Locksmiths

Deadbolts

Deadbolts are usually seen on the exterior of homes and are one of the most basic ways of securing a door on the market. It is most effective when used in combination with your doors’ less-secure standard lock, such as spring-bolt lock because it acts as an additional layer of security. There are three main types of the basic deadbolts including the single cylinder, the double cylinder and the lockable thumbturn styles.

 

The Single Cylinder

A single cylinder is one of the three main variations of the basic deadbolt lock. It operates with a key on one side of the lock (the outside) and a twist knob on the inside to open and close the lock. Some like to add an extra layer of security by installing a flip guard around the thumb turn. This prevents the thumb turn from rotating so that the deadbolt cannot be handpicked or even unlocked using the key when the guard is used.

However, the single cylinder does have one main weakness. If your home can be accessed through an open window or other, the door can be opened from the inside just by using the thumbturn.

 

The Double Cylinder

The double cylinder is another main type of deadbolt.  It is considered more secure but also more hazardous in comparison to the single cylinder deadbolt. This is due to the fact that a double cylinder requires a key on both the inside and the outside of the lock. This is why they do not require any twist knob which in consequence, provides more security because it prevents unwanted unlocking.

However, this gives double cylinders 2 main disadvantages. The first is if locked, you will always need a key to open the door even from the inside.  Secondly, in case of a fire or emergency situation, double cylinders can pose an even greater problem because they are very difficult to unlock from the inside without a key. This violates fire safety regulations which have gotten them banned in some cases. Nevertheless, it is strongly recommended that a key is left inside the lock on the inside of the house to allow for safe exit in case of an emergency.

The Lockable Thumbturn Style

The lockable thumbturn is the third main type of deadbolt and is a hybrid between a single and double cylinder locks.  It offers maximum security and flexibility because it can be locked from both the inside and the outside with either a thumbturn or a key.

These deadlocks feature a key cylinder on the outside of the door and a lockable thumb turn on the inside.  Locking the thumbturn can ensure the door cannot be locked or unlocked. Therefore when people are home, the thumbturn can be left unlocked and the door will work like a normal single cylinder deadbolt. However, if the house is left empty for long periods of time, the thumbturn can be easily locked and no one on the outside or inside can operate the lock.

 

Jimmy Deadbolts

These deadbolt locks are usually seen in apartments and on double doors and are mounted on the surface. They are often preferred because of the minimal door adjustments required during installation. They are also unique because of the deadbolt interlocks with the jamb bracket, making it more resistant to being simply pulled or forced apart from the outside than standard deadbolts.

 

Knob Locks

Knob locks are a form of spring locks which are usually seen on the exterior doors of residential homes. They are usually installed in combination with a deadbolt lock for added security because they are less secure, easy to pick and the knob can be broken off with enough force. That’s why knob locks are best used as interior locks as opposed to the exterior, especially in residential settings.

 

Lever Handle Locks

Locks with lever handles are frequently used in commercial settings on interior doors because they are even less secure than knob locks. They feature a large pushdown handle that can be opened with sheer force.

There are still a countless number of other traditional styled locks to talk about. However, if you are looking for a more modernised and digitally advanced smart locking system, there are other options for you to consider.

 

Electronic Digital Locks

There are several types of electronic locks such as those that use a swipe card or a pin code. They have been used on cars and hotels for a long time but are now available for instalment in residential settings too. Indeed there will always be the threat of having your property being broken into and with electronic locks, it is now a matter of hacking rather than picking. However these locks are convenient as they don’t need to be changed if you want to rekey, rather they can be reprogrammed.

 

Smart Locks

These locks are some of the latest technologies that have recently come out. Smart locks have been designed to operate remotely using an app on your phone. They are essentially a keyless alternative which comes in various designs to choose from.

At Solid Locksmiths, our reputation is built on years of experience and in-depth expertise that will deliver you a highly reliable,  safe and professional service! You can count on us to provide you with the best security solution that suits your distinct needs and falls within your budget.

We understand how important it is to ensure that your property, family and belongings are protected.   Call us today to find out more or request our services. You can also get in contact via our email or send our friendly and responsive team a message via our website.

 

What are the benefits of wine tours over self driving?

Brewery Tours | Top Gun Tours

Going Wine Tasting? 5 benefits of wine tours over self-driving

 

If the wine travel bug has a bit, and you find yourself looking to venture to your more distant local wineries, or even further afield to the Winelands of Cape Town, you will be faced with many choices. One of the most important questions is how you will get there and back in one piece. You will likely be tasting anywhere between four and 20 wines, depending on the number of wine farms you plan to squeeze in.

While renting a car (or using your own) gives you autonomy of schedule and may work out a little cheaper, there are many reasons for going on a wine tasting tour over self-driving.

Someone else can do the homework on local wineries for you

Using Franschhoek, South Africa as an example, there are many beautifully illustrated maps of the local wineries and their locations. Choosing a place to go should be a piece of cake, right? The problem is there are so many highly rated farms it can be hard to know which ones are the best to go to first, and how long a tasting might take, and if you can really get to a wine tasting at each of the farms you plan in the time you have available.

A major benefit of good wine tasting tours is that someone has done the homework for you and has a tried and tested plan for giving you the best wine experience. They know how long a tasting at each place will take and exactly when you’ll have to head off to your next stop if you want to get there and back before dark.

You get to swallow instead of spit

For those that are (very rightly) concerned about drinking and driving while wine tasting, an option would be to use the spittoons readily available in tasting rooms, and then pass your wine glass to your companions to finish, which they will likely be all to happy to do. However, to be perfectly frank…sucks to be you, doesn’t it? Unless you have the discipline of a kung fu monk, sipping on a sublime wine only to hawk it unceremoniously into a spittoon is not only a waste of brilliant wine but also not nearly as fun as drinking it.

Should you end up swallowing more than you planned, you then run the risk of unsafe driving or arrest at a road block, and that is most definitely not the best way to end a wine tasting tour. Guided tours allow you to swallow without fear of consequences beyond bad singing and perhaps a headache the next day.

Wine education and stories

Wine Education | Top Gun Tours

Do you know the difference between French and American oak? The exact way to pronounce muorvedre? Why a grape grown in a certain climate produces a better wine than the same grape grown in another? If so, then good for you, but even the most seasoned wine connoisseurs can often learn a thing or two from wine tour guides. The best wine tours are led by experienced, enthusiastic guides with extroverted personalities and a passion for wine.

Always read Trip Advisor reviews to get a sense of the bond between guides and tour goers to see if you’re booking the right tour, and you will likely get the benefit of a wealth of amusing wine anecdotes and inside knowledge, you wouldn’t easily get from Google.

Social spirit and energy

Picture this scenario that the author of this article recalls from experience. You’ve taken the time to drive out from Cape Town to Stellenbosch to a well-known exporter of South African wine on historic grounds. You go to the tasting room during off peak times and it’s just you and your partner…and a completely deadpan, unenthusiastic individual manning the tasting room counter.

The best wine farms hire to avoid this, but sometimes a cold fish flops through the cracks in spite of their best efforts. If you go with a good guide, you are guaranteed a sense of enthusiasm and camaraderie that you otherwise risk missing. Also, touring in a group means that you have the buzz of other wine travellers with you, meaning you are a lot less likely to end up in a situation of standing there being partially ignored by an unenthusiastic tasting room employee with no one else to talk to.

Enhanced wine tasting experiences

Want to know what to look for when sampling fine wines? Notes of cherry and cigars, or plum and stone fruit? Yes, they write it on the paper at the tasting rooms, but there is more to be experienced when wine tasting than reading the script. Guided wine tours often provide opportunities for behind the scenes access and cellar tours, as well as meeting the wine makers. Get to hear what the wine makers themselves have to say about their wines, rather than what the marketers said. If you should find yourself in South Africa, there are various other reasons you should go with experienced wine tasting tour operators rather than drive yourself. Luhambo Tours

If you should find yourself in South Africa, there are various other reasons you should go with experienced wine tasting tour operators rather than drive yourself. Luhambo Tours specialises in intimate wine tours of the Cape Town Winelands. Contact your local  swan valley tours for more details

 

Source: Courtesy of luhambotours.com

 

Choosing a Professional Painter

How to Choose a Professional Painter?

Choosing a professional painter with due diligence will save you a lot of trouble. You need the right combination of experience and budget to make the right hire. Here are some pointers to help you hire the right professional painter.

Begin with realising what needs to be done. Spend some time pondering over the places you think needs paint fixtures. Have a clear idea of the outcome. Decide what colours you want to see on the walls, the textures, the extra fittings, the surface preparation and others. Armed with this knowledge, it will be easier to approach and talk to a paint service provider.

Licensing

Always hire a licensed painter. Check with the local licensing agency if a prospective painter is associated with them. Hiring a licensed painter guarantees decent work. Such a person is aware of latest tools and techniques to get the job done. The person will know how to deal with electrical issues, structural issues, and other paint related aspects. You will come across unlicensed painters too. However, just for saving few dollars, do not give in to the temptation of a cheaper alternative.

Insurance

Again, a licensed painter will be insured, and the liability depends on the state laws. The insurance should cover both the painter and you. Refrain from hiring painters without insurance.

Freelance Painter vs. a Team

Should you opt for a single painter operating on a freelance basis or hire a team? The answer depends on the requirements. We are not implying that a team is better than a single person or vice versa; ultimately, the choice depends on the work at hand. A complicated project is best suited for a team as they can comprehend faster and finish the work quickly and efficiently.

Quotation

You need a detailed quote. A genuine painter will give a specific quote, after studying the whole requirement. A competent painter will discuss with you the details of the work, time involved, types of materials that will be used, the number of coats, firm costs, and anything else applicable. Do not engage with a service provider who does not offer a detailed quote.

Experience

Painters in Melbourne | 1800 All Painting

Of course, if everyone starts to choose experienced painters in Melbourne, who will give the newcomers in the business a chance? The choice is yours. With a newcomer, you can check its license and talk with the training agency for reference. With an experienced person, you can ask for reference from previous clients and a portfolio of the accomplished work.

These are the five basic aspects you need to remember before hiring a house painter or a home painting services in Melbourne. Always do proper research and conduct due diligence.

 

Source:  Courtesy of 1800 All Painting Melbourne Australia 

 

CoolSculpting – is it the best Fat Removal Procedure?

Cool Sculpting | Xara Skin Clinic

The Best Non-Surgical Fat Removal Procedure: CoolSculpting

 

Among many fat removal procedures, CoolSculpting is the most popular since 2010. After getting approval from the FDA, this fat removal by freezing treatment, also known fat freezing, gained a lot of appreciation as a replacement for liposuction. This treatment is capable of handling stubborn fat like love handles, underarm fat, and heavy thighs.

How does CoolSculpting work?

 

CoolSculpting Cavitation | Xara Skin Clinic

 

The procedure of CoolSculpting treatment includes vacuum like rounded paddles to suck the fat into a cup that is first heated and then cooled to -five degrees. The cooling is cold enough to freeze the fat cells but not cold enough to damage other cells. The body then removes the dead fat cells through the metabolic process. This is a non-surgical procedure which takes around 1 hour for fat removal from cheeks, fat removal from the face and other parts of the body.

The customer lies on a bed or sits on a comfortable chair. The skin specialist will freeze the fat cells in the treated area with the help of a cooling panel. The feeling individuals get at the time of crystallization is a little uncomfortable. Heating and cooling periods are simultaneously felt in the body.

Unlike the painful fat removal procedures and fat removal surgery, CoolSculpting allows the customer to relax and enjoy the process of fat removal without surgery.

Is everyone eligible for CoolSculpting?

CoolSculpting has its limitations if the fat is being replaced with new fat due to diet or if the body is storing the dead fat cells as new fat cells.  Customers will find it not so effective, it is great for removing fat from those hard to remove places. CoolSculpting is a great alternative to liposuction. Before starting the procedure, an expert would check your skin type and quality, the thickness of the tissue and your age. Most customers are eligible for the process before we under take a fat freezing treatment we will ask about your medical history if we are unsure we might ask you to see your GP first. Your body needs to have a certain fat percentage to be eligible.

This treatment is only beneficial if the suction panels can easily access and treat the area. If the tissues are not firm and thin, CoolSculpting cannot show you desired results. But don’t worry laser liposuction or fat cavitation might be a better treatment for you.

What can you expect?

To reach the desired results, it may take more than a single treatment with the specialist. Those who promise you magical results in a single treatment may not be giving the right information.

You will see the desired results with continuous CoolSculpting treatment. After treatments, most of our customers see a 25% reduction in fat in the treated area. This treatment works well if you are looking for stop fat removal, reduction of the waistline and reducing bulges in certain areas.

A word of note: CoolSculpting removes stubborn fat from the body

Your body consists of muscle weight much more than fat and CoolSculpting only works to reduce fat from certain areas. You may see zero or a slight change in weight after completing the process. However, controlling the ugly bulges in your body means a lot, and you may lessen up to two sizes in clothing.

Is CoolSculpting temporary?

To your surprise, CoolSculpting is a permanent fat removal treatment. However, just like any other medical treatment, CoolSculpting requires certain restrictive measures. If you want to maintain the positive effects of fat removal by freezing. You need to control your nutrition intake and follow a healthy regime.

Is it safe to undergo CoolSculpting fat removal procedures?

As this is a fat removal procedure without surgery, it is much safer than other invasive procedures. Risks attached to CoolSculpting fat removal procedure is very low, compared to other fat removal treatments. However, before undergoing the treatment, it is better to discuss potential risks with your doctor for clarity and preparedness.

If you are planning to reduce fat for a special occasion like a wedding. You should consult a physician at least four months before the special event. While CoolSculpting is an instantaneous process. It takes time for the body metabolism to dispel the disintegrated fat from the body. The ideal time for visibility of the treatment effects is around twelve weeks.

For more information contact your Local Cool Sculpting Sydney Experts.

 

Source: Courtesy of Xara Skin Clinic Sydney, Australia

What are Electrostatic Discharge common EMC solutions?

Common Solutions | EMC Bayswater

Electrostatic Discharge common EMC solutions

 

In this article, EMC Bayswater discusses typical electrostatic discharge (ESD) problems and common solutions. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a common phenomenon that is encountered on an everyday basis by many of us. It is the sudden flow of electrical energy between two objects of differing electrical potential (or charge).

ESD is essentially a lightning bolt on a very small scale and, like a lightning bolt, the electrical energy will try to find a low impedance path to ground in order to equalize the electrical potential. Anybody who has walked across a carpeted floor and touched a metal doorknob may have felt or even seen a small spark jump from their hand to the metal doorknob.

Another very common occurrence is getting out of your car and touching a grounded path. It is worth noting that the human body is only sensitive to electrostatic discharges greater than around 2000-3000 Volts but higher voltages can easily be generated in real life. While in most cases this kind of phenomenon is not hazardous to humans aside from a surprise jolt and a little discomfort, our electronic devices can be affected in more severe ways. The purpose of electrostatic discharge testing of electrical products is to evaluate their ability to withstand these events.

Electrostatic Discharge | EMC Bayswater

When an electrostatic discharge current travels through an electronic device it will try to find a low impedance path to ground. While in some cases this may be through the chassis of the device, it is not at all uncommon for the current to travel through sensitive electronic circuitry with enough energy to permanently damage components such as Integrated Circuits (ICs), transistors, diodes in some cases passive components such as high precision resistors. An electrostatic discharge can also create local but intense electromagnetic fields which may couple into nearby circuitry and disrupt signals. Some common ways to mitigate the effects of electrostatic discharge phenomena include:

  • Insulation
  • Proper grounding
  • Suppression/filtering
  • Galvanic isolation
  • Firmware

Insulation

A common and effective way to minimize the effects of ESD on a device is to stop discharges from occurring in the first place. Using plastic with a high breakdown voltage and sufficient spacing between touchable points and conductors may provide enough insulation to prevent an ESD event from occurring.

Insulation is effective on weak points such as switches, LEDs, rotary controllers, displays and connector shields usually where the enclosure integrity is jeopardized. In some cases, entire circuits or parts of circuits can be encapsulated in a potting compound such as a resin or silicone.

Proper Grounding

Unlike insulation, which provides no path for ESD currents, proper grounding allows for a low impedance path to ground. Metallic connector shields and screws should have a low impedance connection to the metallic chassis which in turn should be connected to the protective earth or functional earth via a low impedance connection.

This allows the electrical energy to find a path to the ground without traveling through sensitive circuitry. This can be complex if the product is double insulated or uses no earth arrangement but is in a system with multiple other earth paths to ground i.e. via coaxial shields to other equipment.

Spark Gap/Gas Discharge Tubes (GDT)

Gas discharge tubes and other spark gap devices act as transient suppression devices by conducting electrical currents to ground, effectively creating a short circuit. In the case of a high-voltage spike, the normally non-conductive gasses (or air in the case of a simple spark gap with exposed electrodes) become ionized allowing for electrical current to be conducted through the gap between the terminals of the device.

GDTs take a relatively long time to trigger compared to other transient voltage suppressors. It is not uncommon for a GDT or sparks gap to allow pulses of 500V or more to pass through unsuppressed before the current is conducted to ground via the ionized gas/air between electrodes. Gas Discharge Tubes are more commonly used in slower rise time surge transients such as an AC mains surge.

Suppression/Filtering

ESD events can be mitigated using transients suppression components and/or filter networks. Transient suppression components include, but are not limited to Transient voltage suppression (TVS) diodes, capacitors, variable resistors/voltage-dependent resistors (varistors/VDR) and filter networks.

These components work by reacting to sudden over-voltage conditions and should be placed as close as possible to the point of ESD current entry rather than the circuit (or part of the circuit) that is being protected.

Galvanic Isolation

Galvanic isolation is the separation of electrical circuits that allow for signals to pass through but stray currents are eliminated. Common methods of achieving galvanic isolation include but are not limited to Transformers (coupled inductively/magnetically), optoisolators (coupled photo-electrically), capacitors (blocks DC but allows AC to pass) and hall-effect sensors (coupled inductively/magnetically).

Firmware

In some cases, a change in the firmware of a device is sufficient enough to allow it to self-recover after an ESD event. Where a device’s processor crashes (due to an ESD event) a watchdog timer (WDT) will reset the processor.

This can essentially bring it back to an original state making the malfunction in operation self-recoverable. In other cases, the firmware may help stop the device from malfunctioning.

A parasitic reset (when the reset pin of the processor erroneously reads high due to the ESD event) or blocked status can be managed by the firmware. Often this kind of solution is used in conjunction with filters which differentiate valid signals from short ESD events.

When designing a circuit it is important to keep these different techniques in mind. Different kinds of devices and circuit layouts will benefit from different techniques and often there is more than one solution to the problem.

More than often, multiple electrostatic mitigation techniques will be required in order to achieve EMC compliance during electrostatic discharge testing.

 

Source: Courtesy of EMC Bayswater Melbourne, Australia

 

18 Tips before getting Lip Injections

Lip Injections

18 Things You Should Know Before Getting Lip Injections

 

Lip Enhancements | Ohana Cosmetics

 

Thinking about getting a fuller set of lips than the one your momma gave you? David Colbert, MD, founder and head physician of New York Dermatology Group, and Francesca Fusco, MD, a New York-based medical and cosmetic dermatologist, share their insider tips on what you should know before getting lip injections.

 

1.] Like an artist with paint, every doctor has a favourite formula they like to use.

Dr Colbert and Dr Fusco agree that the easiest and most natural temporary filler is hyaluronic acid (HA) such as Restylane.

2.] You can completely erase HA fillers if you don’t like how your lips turn out for whatever reason. 

Because HA is not permanent, your dermatologist can inject an eraser enzyme called hyaluronidase. The enzyme will dissolve the filler in five minutes if you’re unhappy with the initial results.

3.] It can cost anywhere from $500 to $2,000 to get your lips done, depending on the doctor and region you live in. 

Either way, start saving your pennies.

4.] HA fillers last about four to six months. 

But if your body is on the thinner side, you’ll metabolize the formula faster and the injections won’t last as long.

5.] You will see the results almost immediately.

Your lips will be a little swollen at first but you’ll see the effects of the fillers pretty quickly. Give your lips 24 hours to settle and the swelling to calm. Then you’ll be seeing your filled-out lips as they will be for the next few months.

6.] If done correctly, lips with injections don’t feel any different than real lips. 

Not even when you’re kissing.

7.] At the beginning of the procedure, it feels like a pinch and then it stings as the filler is being injected. 

Afterward, the doctor will massage your lips a little, ice them for 10 minutes, and then let you go about your day.

8.] You can choose to have your lips numbed beforehand with a dental nerve block or a topical anaesthetic. 

The doctor can numb the area around your lips with an injection into your gums (just like a dentist would before a dental procedure) or you can opt for a numbing cream.

9.] There’s practically zero downtime.

The procedure takes about 15 to 20 minutes total and the numbing will start to wear off after about 15 minutes. You can go about your daily life afterwards but shouldn’t make any big plans (like a wedding or an important event) for at least three days in case you bruise.

10.] You shouldn’t exercise the day of the procedure. 

You especially should avoid activities that increase blood flow to your face, like getting a massage or a facial.

11.] You don’t have to go all out. You can choose which areas of your lips you’d like the focus to be. 

Whether you want to do both lips, just the bottom lip, or the middle of the top lip, you can plump wherever you and your doctor decide will best complement the rest of your facial features.

12.] To get your lips injected, you should only see a professional, such as a dermatologist, plastic surgeon, or nurse practitioner. 

To avoid a botched job, you’ll want to go to an expert who is highly experienced in this specific procedure.

13.] Ten days prior to your procedure, avoid painkillers (except Tylenol), fish oil, and vitamin E, which tend to thin the blood. 

Thinner blood will make the area more prone to bruising and bleeding.

14.] Some slight bruising and bleeding at the site of injection is normal and expected.

The bruises should fade after five to seven days. Your doctor could also use a laser to dissolve a blood clot if necessary.

15.] Don’t expect to get Angelina Jolie’s lips.

You can bring in inspiration photos, but ultimately, you and your doctor should decide what look is best for your face. You should also expect to increase the size gradually over time — not all at once — for the most natural results.

16.] The bumps and lumps in the lips you see sometimes are the result of the filler being too close to the surface.

It usually goes away and can be corrected, but it ain’t cute.

17.] Anyone who has a history of cold sores should take prevention medication two days before the procedure. 

Injections could trigger a cold sore.

18.] If you eventually decide to stop getting injections, your lips will return to their original state.

 Contrary to what you might think, your lips will not turn into saggy, wrinkly skin bags. However, the HA that was injected into your lips has been proven to jump-start more HA production at the site of the injection, so your lips could naturally remain a bit larger, thanks to the previous injections.

 

Source: Courtesy of www.cosmopolitan.com

What is Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing?

EMC Testing Service | EMC Bayswater

Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing Requirements

 

What is electromagnetic compatibility testing? Let us try and explain it! Most of the today’s electrical products and electronic equipment are subjected to electromagnetic compatibility testing.

Electromagnetic compatibility testing is commonly known as EMC testing. In Australia, this testing is compulsory for manufacturers of certain products. This testing is necessary to demonstrate that their products are compliant with EMC standards. And is essential to meet the mandated requirements for distribution to the market.

How is Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing performed

EMC Testing | EMC Bayswater

EMC testing should be conducted by an accredited testing facility. This EMC testing laboratory should be equipped with suitably calibrated EMC test equipment and facilities. Including the appropriate calibrated EMC test chambers.

The technical capability and resources to perform the test to the applicable EMC product standard.

The testing body can be a third-party testing facility or an in-house laboratory. It ideally would be an accredited testing facility. Usually accredited by the local testing accreditation authority for the region, ideally recognised in other countries.

In Australia, EMC testing facilities are usually accredited by the local Australian authority, which is the National Association of Testing Authorities (NATA). NATA accreditation is recognised by many other countries globally. This is usually through Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRA).

NATA is part of the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC). ILAC  promotes the acceptance of test and calibration data around the world.

Importance of EMC Testing

Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing or EMC testing is mandatory for almost all products which have an electronic or electrical circuitry whether wired or wireless powered. This is to ensure that products can function satisfactorily in the environment which they are going to be used. Furthermore, so they do not cause interference to other products.

There is a huge benefit for manufacturers in testing their products. Especially during the entire development cycle. Associated delays and costly recalls of the products can be avoided. The earlier the products can be tested for EMC compliance during the development cycle the better. A failure in the test at the end of product development cycle can be extremely costly especially in the redesigning of the product.

What types and markets require EMC Testing

Compliance with the EMC testing is mandatory in almost all markets including the U.S., Europe and Australia, among many others. This test is required for manufacturers in various industries including:

  • Medical devices;
  • Consumer products;
  • Military equipment;
  • Industrial machinery;
  • Automotive;
  • Aerospace; and
  • Railway

To be able to avoid delays in the marketing of your products, you need to properly prepare for what is needed prior to the final EMC testing. You must also allocate enough time to book an available booking at the testing laboratory, sometimes the lead time can be weeks.

You must also allow a contingency plan if the product initially does not comply. Allow time for any re-work or modifications are required i.e. compliance engineering the product to meet the standards.

Preparation for EMC Testing

It’s imperative for manufacturers to prepare the EMC testing requirements prior to entering the EMC test chamber in order to achieve the best results. Here is a helpful guide in preparing for EMC testing.

Write a test plan

Before the testing is done, it is necessary to be able to define the process beforehand. Analysing the requirements and knowing the types of test that your product needs to undergo is imperative. You need to know whether your product is subjected to conducted and radiated emissions only. Or if you will also need the EMC immunity testing as well.

You will also need to know which ports will be tested, which levels or limits will be used and what the pass and fail criteria are. That is why writing a test plan is essential.

How to write a test plan? EMC Test plan template

If you have already undergone Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing before, then you will be able to create a test plan yourself. However, if it is your first time to have an EMC test conducted, you can contact your test lab and seek a professional EMC test plan to be prepared for your particular product. A good test plan must have the following:

  • Product name, model number and identification details;
  • Product description of device to be tested including its I/O configurations and peripherals;
  • Required standards and applicable tests that are listed in the standards;
  • Quantity of samples requiring testing;
  • Product power supply requirements, i.e. 115/230VAC, 50/60Hz, 12VDC, PoE etc;
  • Dimensions of the product/system and also the weight of the product/system;
  • Type of equipment is it table top or floor standing;
  • Transmitter information if a wireless radio module is incorporated or used;
  • The lowest and highest internal frequencies used within the product;
  • Ports table including cable types, quantities, terminations and cable lengths;
  • Operating modes of the product;
  • Operating mode of the product and configuration for emissions testing (worst case);
  • Product emissions limits i.e. Class A, Class B etc (if applicable);
  • Operating mode of the product and configuration for immunity testing (worst case);
  • Declaring the intended environment, such as Basic, Industrial or Controlled EM etc;
  • EUT cycle time to complete all operations and allow observation of any failures;
  • Customer specified performance criteria and ways to recognise monitor and report failures;
  • Test fixtures, special software and supporting equipment to correctly exercise the product;
  • Definition of failure;
  • Estimated set-up time of the physical configuration and support equipment/software;
  • Declaring any health and safety related issues such as hazardous materials etc;
  • Special needs such as power, software and cooling among others;

Getting the price and schedule

Once you have the test plan written, you can now get the pricing and scheduling from an accredited 3rd party EMC test lab such as EMC Bayswater. Prepare the software and hardware for testing. You need to inquire what the lab will supply. More often than not, you will need the following:

  • Equipment under test (EUT) and spares;
  • Test fixture (if required);
  • Connectors and cables;
  • EMI suppression supplies such as ferrites, copper tape;
  • Tool kit;
  • Equipment’s design

During the test, you will need a compliance engineer or someone who is familiar with the product to witness the testing process.

Preliminary testing or pre-compliance testing

Preliminary testing or pre-compliance testing is also necessary to avoid possible failures in the final testing. There are shortened versions of the various test methods that can be done to identify possible failures.

Before the final testing, design modifications can be made. The most common pre-test that can be done is the radiated emissions pre-test. This pre-scan determines failures and suggests possible design modifications to enhance the equipment so it performs better for other test methods when needed.

Preparation prior to testing

Additionally, possible delays can be avoided if you are well prepared before the testing. Hence, when preparing your software and hardware for testing, you need to take note of the following:

  • The product that has to be tested must have its peripheral equipment included which constitute the entire system;
  • Any optional or auxiliary equipment that may be required during the test. If your product has a USB port, include a USB peripheral that can be used for that port. If you don’t ship a product with USB peripheral, then you provide a typical unit. Ensure that unit is pre-compliant to avoid failure during the test;
  • If functional auxiliary equipment for a particular port is not possible, dummy loads that exercise a port to its fullest extent will often do;
  • A monitoring method. This is crucial for immunity testing since the lab needs to monitor the performance of your product. Clearly defining methods for which you would like your product to be monitored is helpful to EMC test labs;
  • Two or more alternative backup power supply units. This is helpful whenever there’s a failure in conducted emissions testing. Conducted emissions problems can often be alleviated by swapping an external power adapter with a better performing one. Having more adapters can also be useful when doing surge testing;
  • Cables that are needed when exercising your product to the fullest. They must be the right length.
  • A software/firmware test mode that is needed when exercising all communication interfaces, memory interfaces and all moving parts at the highest speed possible; and
  • Proper documentation needed by the test engineers. This is highly important because if test engineers don’t know how to set up or operate your product into the proper test mode, it could delay in the test schedule.

Source: Courtesy of EMC Bayswater Melbourne, Australia